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It’s an operative vaginal delivery type wherein the doctor uses tools such as forceps to make the delivery happen. It's needed during the vaginal childbirth.
Forceps happen to be an instrument shaped as salad tongs. During an assisted delivery using forceps, the instrument is applied to baby’s head to guide the baby out of birth canal. It’s generally done at time of contraction when the mother pushes.
Assisted delivery with forceps would only be considered if your labor fulfils some vital criteria as given:
1. The cervix is fully dilated
2. The membranes have ruptured
3. Baby has moved down into birth canal headfirst, but you fail to push the baby out.
It’s always done at hospitals or birthing centres where a C-section can be done if in case the assisted delivery with forceps fails.
You are made to lie on your back, faintly inclined, with legs spread apart. You may be required to get hold of the handles on each side of delivery table so as to brace yourself during pushing.
At the time of contractions, the doctor will place 2 or more fingers inside your vagina and close to your baby's head. Then he or she will gently slide one tong amid his or her hand and the baby's head, while place other tong on other side of baby's head. The tongs will thus be locked mutually to hold baby's head.
In between contractions, as you will push, doctor will make use of forceps to guide baby into the birth canal. If the head faces up, forceps will be used to rotate baby’s head between the contractions.
If it’s not possible to grasp the baby with forceps, a cup attached to vacuum pump can also be used or a C-section is done without any delay.