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Bleeding, swelling and over-sensitive gums are a quite common pregnancy symptom. Swollen and sore gums, which are more susceptible to bleeding troubles many pregnant women. This condition is also called pregnancy gingivitis.
It is found that women with perfectly fine dental hygiene have problems like bleeding gums during pregnancy. The reason behind this is that due to rise in the level of pregnancy hormones, especially progesterone, the gums start getting swollen and might even bleeds. This problem is aggravated by brushing or flossing the teeth. However, brushing your teeth is really important for your dental health and must not be abandoned.
Pregnancy gingivitis is caused because the body reacts in a different manner to the bacteria causing plaque during pregnancy. The bacteria causing plaque is present in the mouth at all times. Using a tooth brush and even dental floss might irritate the area and trigger bleeding.
While swollen gums will continue to trouble you during pregnancy, you can do your bit to manage this problems a little bit better. Some tips can prove helpful in this regard:
It is important to have regular dental checkups during pregnancy. If you have good oral hygiene, there is nothing to worry about. However, if gingivitis is left untreated, it may lead to a much serious dental disease called periodontitis. If you notice a small cyst in your gums, it is not normal. It is called pyogenic granuloma. Periodontitis is a chronic disease that can cause significant contribution to preterm labor. Hence such troubles must be treated right away.
After the delivery of the baby, the gums usually return to normal. If swelling or bleeding does not get better after the baby is born or gets worse during the pregnancy, it is best to contact your dentist right away.