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Amniotic fluid is the fluid that supports fetus during pregnancy. It is produced after 15 days of conception and helps in movement of the baby inside the womb. In first few weeks mother produces the essential fluid in the form of water. During first trimester amniotic fluid contains some essential components also like fats, carbohydrates and proteins. A baby drinks this essential fluid around for 12 weeks of pregnancy. During increasing pregnancy amniotic fluid level also increases but it starts decreasing slightly during delievery.
The most important role of amniotic fluid is to protect the baby against physical shocks and proper development of baby. It maintains the body temperature of the baby inside the womb. The level of amniotic fluid varies, it may becomes either too high or too low during pregnancy. If level becomes very high then this stage is termed as polyhydramnios. If level becomes very low then this stage is termed as oligohydramnios. It is possible to treat low amniotic fluid pregnancy. If it is not treated properly then it can cause miscarriage or serious birth defects.
Oligohydramnios is the condition where level of amniotic fluid becomes very low during full term pregnancy. Level of amniotic fluid is measured through a special technique termed as amniotic fluid index. If level of amniotic fluid is measured less than 5 percent then it becomes necessary to give treatment for oligohydramnios. Around eight percent women are suffering from the problem of low amniotic fluid. In fifty percent cases, it is possible to diagnosed low amniotic fluid problem. This problem can arise at any time interval during pregnancy. But most commonly it occurs in the last trimester of the pregnancy. Oligohydramnios can cause serious problem for the expectant lady if it is not treated properly.
According to a medical research here are a number of factors that causes Oligohydramnios. Low urine production due to some problem in kidney is the main cause of low amniotic fluid. If placenta is not enough capable in providing essential nutrients to the body then it can cause low amniotic fluid problem. Rupture of membranes or leaking can also be the reason for low amniotic fluid. The pregnancy that continues for more than 40 weeks can result into low amniotic fluid. Some medical complications like headache, blood pressure can lower down the level of amniotic fluid in your body. Before consuming any drugs or supplements, you should not forget to consult with expert doctor. Some drugs can create serious complications during pregnancy.
As we already know amniotic fluid is essential for proper growth of the baby. Its deficiency can make your child physically or mentally weak. It can also affect the breathing system of your baby. Sometimes you may also suffer from miscarriage problem due to low amniotic fluid level. Digestive system also becomes weak of the expectant lady and coming baby. Good level of amniotic fluid gives enough space and room to the baby for growing properly. If amniotic fluid level starts decreasing in the initial stage of pregnancy then complications can become more serious for the pregnant lady. Premature labor and miscarriage are the common risks associated with the low amniotic fluid level.
Treatment for the low amniotic fluid level depends on the pregnancy age. If you suffer from low amniotic fluid problem at an early stage then different treatment is given for you. If you are at the full term then situation is not so much critical for the expectant lady. You should not take much stress during pregnancy. Stress is the biggest reason for various pregnancy complications.
If your amniotic fluid level is low then extra fluid is inserted from outside for maintaining the fluid level. This extra fluid helps in normal delivery and also minimizes the pregnancy complications to a great extent. The treatment for low amniotic fluid is successful within single week. After one week you can request for a check up again. Women suffering from low amniotic fluid problem should consume liquid fluid in a large quantity. She should also make necessary changes in her diet. Diet charts for the same are easily available online or from health care providers who will be able to suggest the best treatment according to the condition of expectant lady.
If you are suspected to low amniotic fluid problem then you should prepare yourself for various tests. Once problem is identified then ultrasound, blood test and non stress tests are made for checking the pregnancy. Monitor the baby movements closely. In normal pregnancy you can notice ten movements in two hours. If movements are less then you should immediately consult with the doctor. Eight glasses water is recommended daily during pregnancy. Enough water helps in raising the amniotic fluid level of the body.
Try to find out the main reason for decreasing the amniotic fluid level of the expectant lady. If doctors are able to find out the root reason then it becomes easy to regain amniotic fluid level. Sometimes supplements may be the reason for different amniotic fluid level. In that case, you should avoid those supplements that are dangerous for your new baby. The other complicated case associated with amniotic fluid is its high level. If level of fluid becomes very high then a needle is inserted into the womb and extra fluid is removed from the womb. In this way, normal level of fluid level can be regained easily.
Variation in amniotic fluid level can be noticed in early stage of pregnancy or in the later stages. Different treatments are suggested for different pregnancy age. Early stage problems can be dangerous for the baby and lady both. Later stage problem is easily to treat. Low amniotic fluid level is the common problem in full term pregnancy. This is not a serious case so you should not get worried about amniotic fluid level. But it is always recommended to consult with some expert doctor.