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Abortion simply means end of pregnancy. Abortion can be natural or deliberate depending on the circumstances. Natural abortion is commonly termed as miscarriage.
Abortion through medical pills
Medical pills cause painful periods and woman is not able to continue pregnancy. These pills work in two different styles. First, they block the progesterone that in turn breaks the uterus lining and woman is not able to hold the baby any more.
In the second case, misoprostol pills are inserted into vagina. It can be done by expert doctors or woman herself. These contract the womb and initiate bleeding. This situation is similar to miscarriage.
Surgical operation is further divided into two categories. First is vacuum aspiration and other is Dilatation and Evacuation. Gentle suction technique is used in vacuum aspiration for removing complete pregnancy. The whole process takes about five to ten minutes. This category is applicable for the pregnancy that's in the 15th week.
Dilatation and Evacuation technique is suitable for the pregnancy between 15 to 24 weeks and usually carried out under general anesthetic asleep condition. In this technique narrow forceps are passed through neck of the womb for removing pregnancy along with gentle suction.
Is Abortion legal?
According to 1967 abortion act, abortion is legal in two conditions:
Circumstances when doctors support abortion
Dangerous to life: When continuing the pregnancy is dangerous for the life of a woman, doctors approve of the abortion.
High risk to child's health: If there is a high risk that the child would suffer from serious physical or mental disease then doctor approves the abortion.
Effects on the present child: If existing children may suffer because of the current pregnancy then doctor may agree for the abortion of the woman. Some doctors can also agree upon social and economic circumstances.
Any women either single or married can apply for the abortion if any of the above reasons are satisfactory. If you don’t have any strong reason in that situation abortion becomes a crime for the woman.
The doctors will not approve of the abortion if there is no valid reason and also if the pregnancy has crossed the stage when abortion can be done safely. In the later stage, doing an abortion can risk the life of the woman. Doctors never approve of abortion under such circumstances.