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In the male reproductive systems, sperms are usually produced on regular basis. The sperm are the vital male reproductive cells which are necessary for the fertilization of the female ovary when the man has intercourse with the female counterpart.
Sperms are generally very tiny and are not seen virtually by the human eyes. When viewed under a microscope, a single sperm has a head, tail and neck. The head consists of the nucleus loaded with chromosomes. The neck connects the tail with the head. The tail usually moves in a whipping motion to direct the sperm towards an egg during the process of fertilization.
Sperms undergo a process of production. There are four interwoven hormones that are responsible for sperm production. Let’s examine them.
The four hormones discussed above work in a synergy when it comes to sperm production.
The whole process of sperm control begins with the pituitary gland which is a very tiny gland at the base section of the brain. When Gonadotropin initiates the release of the Luteinizing Hormone and the Follicle Stimulating Hormone there in the anterior pituitary gland, both of them are then released into the bloodstream where they turn on the male testes for the control and production of sperm.
During puberty stage, the level of the LH and the FSH rise very well thereby leading to the maturity and growth of the testes. With the help of testosterone, the growth of the genitals is enhanced. Pubic hairs and other male characteristics also begin to showcase in the body of the adult male. Together with the FSH and LH, testosterone assists in the production and stimulation of sperm.
In all, the process of sperm production is continuous. It’s known as “Spermatogenesis”. It usually takes up to 74 days for a full fledged male germ cell to convert into a live sperm. In most cases, millions of sperm are usually produced on daily basis provided the individual is feeding well. The process of sperm production continues all through the active days of the individual involved. However, as age dawns on the male person, the sperm production may be retarded. This is usually the case with the elderly males. Their reproductive systems tend to dwindle as a result of the decrease in the production of the hormones responsible for sperm production. In most cases, the production of sperm by the hormones is usually at its peak during the puberty years and the early and late adulthood stages.