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What is Episiotomy?
It is a surgical operation where a cut is made in the perineum, the muscular area that lies between the vagina and the rectum. In the past, it was the most common form of surgery for women giving birth for the first time. However, with technological advancements, there have been changes experienced in the same. It is now only in few cases that episiotomy is carried out.
At the point of delivery, your doctor may decide to carry out an episiotomy on you in order to hasten the delivery of your baby when it is observed that the baby is becoming distressed and needs to make a quick exit through the vagina. If it is considered that you run a high risk of having your perineum torn badly, an episiotomy may also be advised.
There are signs that doctors will have to see before they decide to carry out an episiotomy on their patients. The second stage of labor is often reached before an episiotomy is carried out at which the head of the baby would have begun to emerge from the birth canal. Surgical operations often come with some sensation of pain and in the case of episiotomy; pain is likely to be experienced. In order to forestall this, it is most probable that your doctor will inject you in the perineum with a local anesthetic and with a pair of sterile scissors make the desired cut. When this process is carried out perfectly well, you are likely not to feel any pain.
As soon as the placenta is delivered, the episiotomy is sewn up. A compress or some local pain relief ointments may be applied to the stitches to help you with the pain. At this stage, stitches are very prone to infection and you must be careful. Antimicrobial or antiseptic powders or creams should be applied from time to time onto the stitches.
After Surgery Tips
There are few instructions that you will be given at the hospital just before you are discharged. It would do you a lot of good if you can strictly adhere to all these instructions although they are not difficult to adhere to. Some of these instructions include:
Dealing with Soreness and Pain in Stitches
There are times that no matter how careful you get, you will experience some soreness and pain in your stitches. When this happens, there is no reason for you to panic. There are some things you can do which can help salvage the soreness and pain in your stitches.
There is no standard time for stitches to heal. Talk to your doctor if the pain you experience continues, you run fever, there is a persistent swelling or redness around your genital or there is a bad-smelling discharge from your vagina. You may have an infection already and in such case your doctor will have to prescribe the right drugs for you.