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Ovulation is the part of female menstrual cycle wherein every month a mature ovarian follicle, releases an egg. The egg during the process of ovulation, travels into one of the fallopian tube where it has the possibility of meeting a male sperm and getting fertilized.
The process of ovulation is governed by hypothalamus; a part of the brain. It sends signals instructing the anterior lobe as well as the pituitary gland to release the luteinizing hormone (LH) and the follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). Ovulation in general takes place between the 10th and 19th day of menstrual cycle. This is the time when a female happens to be the most fertile thereby boosting the chances of conceiving.
A natural pregnancy occurs when a female egg meets a male sperm in the fallopian tube. A female egg can survive not more than 24 hours post ovulation. Thus, the sperm must meet the egg within this time frame, which sadly is very short. However, the sperm on the other end can survive for as long as 7 days. They stay in the female vagina, the uterus or either of the fallopian tubes during this time.
This clearly indicates that a female has a fertile window of about four to six days. Thus, if you are willing to plan a baby then you need to have sex with your partner during these fertile days as the chances of getting pregnant would be high. Your ovulated egg will meet the healthy sperm and get fertilized resulting into your conception. Planning a natural pregnancy will always be positive if you are aware of your fertile days in a month.
Ovulation calendar has been designed to aid a woman know of the time in the month when she will be the most fertile. There are many web applets and also ovulation kits available that assist this process. For using the web ovulation apps or ovulation calculator, you need to be aware of the first day of your menses or period, and the length of the cycle in general.
Ovulation generally takes place between the 12th and 19th day before the start of your next period. To predict the fertile days of a month, you need to be aware of your menstrual cycle length. A cycle in general is counted from day one of your current period to the beginning of next period. The average cycle length is 28 days. It can even range from 21 to 35 days in case of adults and from 21 to 45 days in the young teens.
For instance, for a regular cycle of 28 days, the first day of period will be counted as day one. So you are most likely to be fertile around day 12 and 17. For those who battle irregular cycle, ovulation can take place either a week earlier or later. You can make use of the ovulation calculator available online. Just mention the first day of your last period and your average cycle length; it will give you the exact days when you will be fertile.