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A uterine fibroid is a non-cancerous (benign) tumor growth which starts off from the soft muscle layer called myometrium and goes-up till the uterus’s connective tissue.
Even though these fibroids are compiled of the similar soft muscle fibers as the uterine wall, but they tend to get much intense when compared to the usual myometrium layer. Generally, uterine fibroids are either partially round or completely round in form.
Different Types of Fibroids
There have been cases where some people were diagnosed with single fibroids while a few other were diagnosed with multiple fibroids. It has been found that most of these uterine fibroids begin from the muscular walls of the uterus, also known as the intramural layer.
Why women are prone to Uterine Fibroids?
Studies over the years have failed to figure out the exact reasons behind growth of uterine fibroids in women. A few reasons count for irregularity in the genes, modifications or changes in the growth factor, irregularity in the blood flow system and reactions of tissues after injury. However, the change in a woman’s estrogen level also leads to the formation of fibroids. In some cases it has been seen that uterine fibroids are hereditary as well.
More than 50% of women suffer from uterine fibroids and in many cases they are not even aware of them being infected with these fibroids as they do not see any symptoms or issues pertaining to uterine fibroids.
Symptoms of Uterine Fibroids
Women suffering from uterine fibroids fail to sense the presence of it as they hardly come across any symptom. However, the common symptoms indicating uterine fibroids include unusual bleeding along with excessive abdominal pain, extending periods, spotting between the periodic cycles, bloating of the abdomen and severe back aches. It has seen that some women tend to become anemic due to excessive bleeding.
Uterine Fibroids and infertility issues
Normally uterine fibroids do not have any unpleasant effect on the fertility of a woman. However, studies show that about 3% of women have been diagnosed with conceiving issues due to the existence of large, several or pedunculated fibroids.
Women with large subserosal fibroids, which generally grow on the outer surface of the uterus, may have issues relating to fallopian tube compression. This compression leads to an obstruction in the fallopian tube, thereby jamming the channel of sperm and eggs.
Subserosal fibroids can also deform the pelvic anatomy to such an extent that it becomes difficult for the fallopian tube to detain an egg during the ovulation process.
Effect of Uterine Fibroids in pregnant women
Diagnosis of Uterine Fibroids
An ultrasound scan is the most common technique that helps in identifying the existence of uterine fibroids that arise in the uterus. An ultrasound also assists in knowing not only the location but also the mass of the fibroids. Some doctors prefer a MRI scan done for identifying the size and location of these fibroids.
Treatment of Uterine Fibroids
In most cases uterine fibroids do not need any action to be taken until the above mentioned symptoms occur. It has been seen that these fibroids automatically reduce in size following menopause. If the symptoms of uterine fibroids still persist, then the following steps must be taken:
Treatment of Uterine Fibroids in pregnant women
For the pregnant women suffering from uterine fibroids, a normal medication is prescribed by the doctor. This includes intake of lots of vitamins, herbs and natural supplements which can boost the immune system, stabilize the hormones, and endorse common wellness.