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How big is your baby?
In the 12th week of pregnancy, the fetus is about 2.1 inches long and weighs .49 ounces. It has developed most of its parts and now it continues to grow.
Baby’s growth and development
Most of your baby's vital systems have now fully formed. Now the baby is to enter the growth and maturation stage, wherein its organs and tissues will develop rapidly. It is also developing reflexes. It opens and closes the fingers and curls toes. The brain is also developing fast!
Changes in the Mother
The mother gains 2 to 3 pounds during week 12 of pregnancy. This is the point where the baby bump starts showing, and one can tell the world that she is pregnant. Miscarriage risk also reduces to a minimal after the 12th week. The mother does not need to urinate frequently now, as the uterus is lifting up in the pelvis thereby making room for urine in the bladder. A number of skin changes take place at this point due to hormones. The nipples start getting darker due to production of melanin.
This is also the reason for Chloasma (also known as mask of pregnancy), the brownish patches that appear on the cheeks, neck, chin and forehead. The mothers must protect themselves from harmful UV rays during this period, as it can prove to be even more harmful during pregnancy. Due to increased oil secretion, acne problem may be encountered by some. Heartburn (acid reflux) is a common problem in the 12th week. This is a burning sensation experienced in the chest due to hormonal changes. It may get worse in the succeeding weeks.
The blood volume in the mother’s body is going to increase sufficiently, which causes the skin to glow, making a pregnant woman look more attractive now. The body begins to recover its lost energy and morning sickness and nausea almost disappear.
Most of the complications in pregnancy are associated with the first trimester. The risk of miscarriage reduces after the 12th week of pregnancy. Bleeding is a common problem that mothers have, and care must be taken to notice any unusual changes.
At the 12th week of pregnancy, a pregnant woman must shift her focus on not gaining too much weight. The diet must be balanced and comprise a lot of fruits and vegetables. This is an ideal time to reduce the calorie consumption. The body requires an optimum quantity of vitamins, calories, protein, iron, calcium and minerals. Food consumed must be fresh and fasts should not be carried out.
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