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Abortion is the termination of pregnancy. The young fetus or embryo is in this case removed from the uterus. It can be as a result of various problems such as health problems, accidents, and also in some cases it is intentional.
Complications during pregnancy also can cause abortion to occur. Abortion too has side effects to the body. These may vary as per the nature and cause of the abortion . These side effects can be categorized into two, Long term and Short term.
The Short Term Side-Effects
Cramping: One of the immediate side effects of abortion is cramping, with severe pains caused by spasmodic uterine contractions, which causes pain in the abdominal area.
Vomiting: Regular vomiting is also experienced after abortion, this can be a sign of continued pregnancy after the abortion process, or cases of retained tissues after the abortion process; although this occurs in very rare cases. Vomiting after abortion is often characterized by chronic nausea and general body weakness.
Surgical side effects: Surgery has been mostly used as the method to execute many abortion cases, and in that respect there are also surgical side effects to the abortion process. They vary from severe cases of abdominal pains and cramping accompanied by diarrhea. In some cases surgical abortion may cause nausea and vomiting.
Anemia: Complications which may occur during abortion processes too are known to increase the intensity of side effects which may be experienced after abortion. Anemia for example can be a major problem occurring due to the excessive bleeding post abortion. Bleeding may occur due to the injuries cause by the cervix and uterine walls by the materials which have been used to execute the abortion process.
Wrong use of medicines: Use of medicines during the abortion process such as anesthetics, may cause Heart attack, allergic reactions to the body, and in extreme cases, death may also occur.
Medical tools: Medical tools used in abortion such as Embryology Scissors, Uterine Cutter Tire-Tete can fracture the pelvis, scarring the inner organs and also the uterine walls, which in turn cause infections to these which later spread in the whole body. This infection is known as Sepsis, which may lead to loss of life.
Long Term Side Effects
Stress: Stress is among the long term side effects of abortion. Often women undergoing an abortion live with a feeling of guilt, uneasiness and anger. These side effects have been given a general term and are known as the post-traumatic stress disorders. In many cases this side effects take time to show up, and may be experienced after many years.
Effects on sexual life: Woman’s sexual life may also be affected by abortion. Due to the use of sharp materials and tools in carrying out the abortion process, her sexual organs might suffer severe damages which may cause problems to her sexual life and affect her emotional self.
Depression: Depression has also been noted as another factor which affects mothers after abortion. Many women suffer serious levels of depression.
Inability to conceive again: Abortion can also result into inability of women to be in a position to conceive again. Some of the parts such as the cervix and the uterine walls get damaged during the abortion period; this can cause permanent inability to conceive in the future.