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These children have no control over their physical action as their body does not behave according to their will and sometimes it become a cause of the embarrassment for the person who is accompanying them . They are not the normal children and it is a matter of great patience to handle them. This patience is the major factor to handle their unwarranted actions. They behave this way because of mental deficiency as their I.Q. is quite low in comparison to the other children of their age. Sometimes it is hard to be detected in some cases as these children are just slow in taking commands and up to this time, because the things are not so cleared, they go unnoticed.
The lower I.Q. of a child is the major factor behind this mental deficiency. Sometimes with the development of the body and of its aging, the mind has become unable to keep pace and the child, despite of bigger in size to look at, behaves like a kid of many years younger to him. All this happens as though they are unknown to the reality of being older as per his age. Heredity is also an important factor behind this development. The other causes are that sometimes, while still in the womb, the brain of the child has been either damaged or remain underdeveloped because of some external factors such as overdose of some strong medicines or malnutrition. But once the damage is done it is not important what the cause was unless we are able to cope with the reality because it is said that sometimes remedial ways are coming out of the very root. And the established opinion is that one has to be very patient and tolerant while dealing with this type of situations.
All the methods can be applied when the problem is detected, better ways can be applied to handle it properly and carefully. It is not the right thing either to ignore the problem or try to hide it as if it is not taken care of, the problem become out of bounds and the biggest sufferer would be the child himself. He would face the trauma of social rejection and it would make a permanent fear to be embedded in his mind.
Today, there are many social organisations which are running the centres and schools on the professional as well as humanitarian level. It means these are the places where a mentally challenged child is being trained how to take care of himself and be a socially responsible person in his own way. They are taught to help themselves and thereby escape the ignominy of a burden on the society.
This is the most important factor in development of a mentally challenged child. The parents are the persons with whom a child mentally challenged or a normal one starts his life. The parents are first person with whom he takes the first lessons of life. So it is the most important thing if the parents shoulder this responsibility with utmost care and devotion. First they should make themselves ready to accept the reality that their child is not a normal child like others and he needs their special attention and a bit more of their love and patience than a normal child. Then they will be able to help their child to learn special skills so that they too, can live in the society with dignity and not become a burden on others. For that purpose, there are many schools where these mentally retarded children can learn the skills for their survival and their timely progress in this world.
At last but not the least are the importance of love, patience and tolerance which are the very basic factor in dealing with the mentally challenged children as they need and deserve too, to get a fair amount of the love and affection and at no time, they should feel that they are not required.